MON|01|05 The Others: Gypsy and Muslim Slaves in Early Modern Europe

Slavery was present in Europe on a larger scale than previously assumed by scholars. In the seventeenth century tens of thousands of Muslims were held for ransom and forced labour in Italy, Malta, France and Spain. In Wallachia and Moldavia Gypsy slaves represented 7% of the population until slavery was officially abolished in mid-nineteenth century. This lecture will bring to light some little-known aspects of European slavery.